Car Accident Due to Horse Crossing the Motorway: Two Case Reports
PDF (Türkçe)


animal vehicle collision

How to Cite

Kılıç S, Cantürk G. Car Accident Due to Horse Crossing the Motorway: Two Case Reports. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine. 2018;23(1):73-76. DOI:


Basic Commercial Court in Ankara wanted a report from our department of forensic medicine about two injury cases due to animal vehicle collision. The reports should include the disability rate and the duration of unfunctionality. After the examination we prepared the reports. Both vehicle collisions happened due to free ranging horse crossing the motorway. Both cases had different types of injury due to trauma. Vehicle collision due to horse crossing the motorway is rarely met in Turkey.

Our first case is a man that had upper extremity and facial injury. He uses prothesis due to ear amputation. He has a scar tissue on the right side of his face and left forearm. The other case is three-years-old boy that had cranial bone fracture and cranial hematoma. He has also hemiparesis of the right side of body. Both cases have neurologic sequels but they have no psychiatric sequels. 

In literature, animal vehicle collisions involve lots of animal species such as kangaroo, deer, camel and moose. Animal vehicle collision involving the horses is rarely met. Forensic medicine specialists should state the causal link between traumatic events and disabilities in order to help justice. Our aim to present the current two cases is investigation of injuries of animal related collision and makes forensic medicine specialists pay attention to the subject of preparing reports about such cases.

Key words: Animal vehicle collision; death; disability; horse; injury; motorway.
PDF (Türkçe)

References Accessed date:10.02.2016.

Sullivan JM. Trends and characteristics of animal-vehicle collisions in the United States. J Safety Res. 2011; 42: 9–16.

Bruinderink GWTA G, Hazebroek E. Ungulate Traffic Collisions in Europe. Conserv Biol. 1996; 10: 1059-67.

Rowden P, Steinhardt D, Sheehan M. Road crashes involving animals in Australia. Accid Anal Prev. 2008; 40:1865–71.

Seiler A. Predicting locations of moose–vehicle collisions in Sweden. J Appl Ecol 2005; 42: 371–82.

Malo JE, Suarez F, Diez A. Can we mitigate animal–vehicle accidents using predictive models? J Appl Ecol. 2004; 41: 701–710.

Mastro LL, Conover MR, Frey SN. Deer–vehicle collision prevention techniques. Human–Wildlife Conflicts Spring 2008; 2(1): 80–92.

Hothorna T, Müllerb J, Heldd L, Möste L, Mysterud A. Temporal patterns of deer–vehicle collisions consistent with deer activity pattern and density increase but not general accident risk. Accid Anal Prev. 2015; 81: 143-152.

Attewell R, Glase K. Bull Bars and Road Trauma. ATSB Road Safety Research Report CR200. ISBN: 0642255504 9780642255501, Canberra, 2000.

Abu-Zidan FM, Parmar KA , Rao S . Kangaroo-related motor vehicle collisions. J Trauma. 2002; 53(2): 360-3.

Björnstig U, Eriksson A, Ornehult L. Injuries caused by animals. Injury. 1991; 22(4): 295-8.

Cripps RA. Horse-related injury in Australia. Australian Injury Prevention Bulletin. 2000; 24:1-20.

Yıldız M, Durukan P. Hayvanlara Bağlı Yaralanmalar. Fırat Tıp Derg. 2005; 10(1): 25-26.

Gönüllü H, Karadaş S, Güner S, Aydın İ. Ülkemizin Doğusunda Van ve Çevresinde Hayvanlarla İlişkili Yaralanmaların Analizi. İzmir Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Tıp Dergisi. 2013;17:112-116.

Silver JR. Spinal injuries resulting from horse riding accidents. Spinal Cord. 2002; 40(6): 264-271.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.