Investigation of Blank Cartridge Gun Harming Potential in Target Range of 0-5 cm
PDF (Türkçe)


gun powder
contact shot
bone fracture
blank cartridge gun injuries

How to Cite

Kılıç S, Cantürk G, Öğünç G. Investigation of Blank Cartridge Gun Harming Potential in Target Range of 0-5 cm. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine. 2017;22(3):184-188. DOI:


Aim: The aim of our study is to show through experiments harming potential of blank firing guns, which are known to be harmless mistakenly.

Materials and Method: Two different types of blank firing guns were utilized to shot at chicken leg as a tissue simulant; at a distance of 0-5 cm. Results of the experiments were photographed and recorded in a digital platform.

Contact shot at chicken leg caused full-thickness bone fracture and full-thickness tissue penetration. In contrast, correlation was not detected between dimensions of smoothing and tissue damage on the target. We think that the causes of results that have no correlation, as weather conditions, wind, temperature, defiency of blank cartridge guns.

Findings and Conclusion: The results we had, studies and case reports about this subject in literature exhibit obviously harming potential of blank firing guns for human body. No significant correlation was determined between damage, diameter of soot and shot range in 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 cm. A new research about the correlation between damage, diameter of soot and different close range of shot can be performed in another study.
PDF (Türkçe)



(accessed: 20/06/2016).

Arslan MM, Karanfil R, Akcan R et al. A growing danger: Blank cartilage guns. Bull Leg Med. 2007;12(1):21-24 DOI:

Akdur O, Ozdemir C, Ozkan S et al. Lung Contusion Due to Blank Cartridge Bullet Expulsive Explosion: Case Report. JAEM. 2010; 9(1):56-58. DOI:

Teke Z, Atalay AO, Tekin K. Penetrating abdominal wound caused by a close-distance blank cartridge pistol shot: a case report. TJTES. 2009;15:191-193.

Ikizceli I, Avşaroğulları L, Sözüer EM et al. Juguler vein gunshot injury from blank cartridges. TJTES. 2005;11:254-257.

Demirci Ş, Doğan KH, Erkol Z et al. A suicidal death case with an unmodified blank cartridge gun. Bull Leg Med. 2008;13(1):25-29. DOI:

Korkmaz O, Yılmaz H, Taçyıldız I. Abdominal trauma due to blank cartridge guns. Turk J Emerg Med. 2006;6(2):66-68.

Tokdemir M, Türkoğlu A, Kafadar H. Three death cases occurred by blank cartrİdge guns: Case report. Bull Leg Med. 2011;16(2):60-63. DOI:

Zdravkovic M, Milic M, Stojanovic M, et al. Three cases of death caused by shots from blank cartridge. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009 Dec;30(4):403-6. DOI:

Gülşen I, Ak H, Sosuncu E, Bulut MD. Are blank cartridge guns really harmless? 2014 May;20(3):214-6. DOI:

Buyuk Y, Cagdir S, Avsar A et al. Fatal cranial shot by blank cartridge gun: two suicide cases. J Forensic Leg Med. 2009 Aug;16(6):354-6. DOI:

Uzün I, Büyük Y, Erkol Z et al. Fatalities caused by spherical bullets fired from blank cartridge guns in Istanbul, Turkey. J Forensic Sci. 2009 Sep;54(5):1127-30. DOI:

Ozdes T, Boz H, Yazici YA, Kumral B. Death due to gas pressure of blank firing gun: a case report. J For Med. 2014;28(1):85-90 DOI:

Rothschild MA, Karger B, Strauch H, et al. Fatal wounds to the thorax caused by gunshots from blank cartridges. Int J Legal Med. 1998;111(2):78-81.

Akdur O, Ozdemir C, Ozkan S et al. Lung Contusion Due to Blank Cartridge Bullet Expulsive Explosion: Case Report. JAEM. 2010;9(1):56-58. DOI:

Di Maio VJM. Gunshot Wounds. 2nd edition, CRC Press, New York, 1999. 321-324.

Perdekamp MG, Glardon M, Kneubuehl BP et al. Fatal contact shot to the chest caused by the gas jet from a muzzle-loading pistol discharging only black powder and no bullet: case study and experimental simulation of the wounding effect. Int J Legal Med. 2015 Jan;129(1):125-31. DOI:

Arısoy Y. Biological residues on bullets. J For Med. 2010;24(2):16-21.

Aslan S, Uzkeser M, Katirci Y et al. Air guns: toys or weapons? Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2006 Sep;27(3):260-2. DOI:

Ozdeş T, Erkol Z, Cantürk N et al. A Case of Accidental Child Death

which Occurred with Blank Cartridge Gun. Medicine Science

;3(2):1289-98. DOI:

Perdekamp MG, Schmidt U, Rupp W et al. Contact shot with unusual

soot pattern. Forensic Sci Int. 2005 Apr 20;149(1):75-9.


Oğünç GI. Air weapon injuries and Legal Situations. Doctoral Thesis of

Interdisciplinary Forensic Medicine Department. Ankara. 2010.

Uzar AI, Dakak M, Oner K et al. Comparison of soft tissue and bone injuries caused by handgun or rifle bullets: an experimental study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2003;37:261-267.

Uzar A, Dakak M, Ozer T, et al. A new ballistic simulant" transparent gel candle" (experimental study). TJTES. 2003;9:104-106.

Ozer M, Ogunc G, Eryilmaz M et al. Organ models in wound balistics: experimental study. TJTES. 2007;13:20.

Cantürk N, Işbaşar T, Erdönmez F, Teke HY. Kuru sıkı silah fişeğine yabancı cisim yerleştirilmesi ile cinayet-olgu sunumu. 5. Anadolu adli bilimler kongresi bildiri özet kitabı. 2006.

Sarıbey AY, Hannam AG, Tarımcı Ç. An Investigation into Whether or Not the Class and Individual Characteristics of Five Turkish Manufactured Pistols Change During Extensive Firing. J Forensic Sci. 2009 Sep;54(5):1068-72. DOI:

Giese A, Koops E, Lohmann F, et al. Head injury by gunshots from blank cartridges. Surg Neurol. 2002 Apr;57(4):268-77.

Rothschild M, Liesenfeld O. Is the exploding powder gas of the propellant from blank cartridges sterile? Forensic Sci Int. 1996 Nov 11;83(1):1-13. DOI:

Clarot F, Vaz E, Papin F, et al. Lethal head injury due to tear-gas cartridge gunshots. Forensic Sci Int. 2003;137:45-51. DOI:

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.