Determining the Suitable Parent on Children’s Custody Cases

  • İshak Kalkavan
  • Erhan Büken
Keywords: Qarenting, Parenting, Parenting Capacity, Custody


The rate of divorce cases has projected an increasing number in recent years. In these cases, if couples have children and are demanding a divorce, a settlement should be done about which parent should have the custody of the children. A parent ought to carry out his/her parenting responsibilities so that the children would complete their developmental process in a healthy and sufficient environment. The level of fulfillment of parenting skills in long term “good enough” by parents is called parenthood capacity. One of the most important points to take into consideration while deciding on a custodian is the assessment of parenthood capacity. For an accurate assessment, judge might consult a referee. The aim here is to assist the judge to reach a verdict on custody assessing the reports run by the referee. This assessment demonstrates parents’ current situation rather than their eligibility to be custodian. Since parenthood assessment, regarding protection of child, is used during judicial process, it is a different notion from clinical examination of parents or parenthood education. There are various assessment tools on parenthood, which are actively used by professionals in the literature. These tools might slightly differ from each other. It is usually under the initiative of referee to choose the right tool for an assessment. However, it is essential to pay regard to the social norms of that particular society while choosing an assessment tool. This article will discuss the possible objective standards to use for assessing parenthood capacity. The features of two tools, which are claimed to be feasible for use in an assessment (Parenting Skills Assessment-10; Parenting Competence 3), will be studied.


Download data is not yet available.

References Erişim Tarihi: 10.08.2015

Çocuk Haklarına Dair Sözleşme ( Erişim Tarihi: 10.08.2015)

Çocuk Koruma Kanunu. 5395. Kabul Tarihi: 3.7.2005. Resmi Gazete yayınlanma tarihi: 15.7.2005; Resmi Gazete Sayısı: 25876

Ailenin Korunması ve Kadına Karşı Şiddetin Önlenmesine Dair Kanun 6284. Kabul Tarihi: 8.3.2012. Resmi Gazete yayınlanma tarihi: 20.3.2012; Resmi Gazete Sayısı: 28239

Portnoy SM. The psychology of divorce: A lawyer’s primer, part 2: The effects of divorce on children. American Journal of Family Law. 2008;21(4):126-134.

Gough D, Stanley N. Parenting capacity. Child Abuse Review. 2004;13(1):1–4.

Seden J. Creative connections: Parenting capacity, reading with children and practitioner assessment and intervention. Child & Family Social Work. 2008;13(2):133-143

Child Protection and Parenting Capacity Assessments; A Framework for Reducing Harm ( Erişim Tarihi: 17/08/2015)

Moran JA, Weinstock DK. Assessing parenting skills for family court. Journal of Child Custody. 2011;8(3):166-188

Eve PM, Byrne MK, Gagliardi CR. What is good parenting? The perspectives of different professionals. Family Court Review. 2014;52(1):114-127

White A. Assessment of parenting capacity, Literature review. Ashfield New South Wales Sydney Australia, 2005

Harnett PH. A procedure for assessing parents' capacity for change in child protection cases. Children and Youth Services Review. 2007;29(9):1179-1188

Emery RE, Otto RK, O'Donohue WT. A critical assessment of child custody evaluations limited science and a flawed system. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 2005; 6(1):1-29

Bala N. Assessments for postseparation parenting disputes in Canada. Family Court Review. 2004;42(3):485-510

Budd KS. Assessing parenting capacity in a child welfare context. Decision Making in Child Welfare, Children and Youth Services Review. 2005;27(4):429-444

Stahl PM, Martin L. An historical look at child custody evaluations and the influence of AFCC. Family Court Review. 2013;51(1):42-47

Patel SH, Jones KD. Assessment of family custody issues using mental health evaluations: Implications for mental health counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling. 2008;30(3):189-199

Schmidt F, Cuttress LJ, Lang J, Lewandowski MJ, Rawana JS. Assessing the parent–child relationship in parenting capacity evaluations: Clinical applications of attachment research. Family Court Review 2007;45(2):247-259

Azar ST, Lauretti AF, Loding BV. The Evaluation of parental fitness in termination of parental rights cases: A functional-contextual perspective. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review. 1998;1(2):77-100

Cyr F, Di Stefano G, Desjardins B. Family life, parental separation, and child custody in Canada: A focus on Quebec. Family Court Review 2013;51(4):522-541

Reed CS, Egeren LAV, McKelvey L. Psychometric Study of The Parenting Skills Assessment; A Practitioner Approach to Measuring Parenting Practices. Michigan State University Kellogg Center, Garden Level, East Lansing, Michigan, 2009

The protective capacity Assessment: Addressing Threats to Child Safety within the Case Plan ( Erişim Tarihi 17/08/2015)

Austin WG, Pruett MK, Kirkpatrick HD, Flens JR, Gould JW. Parental gatekeeping and child custody/child access evaluation: Part I: conceptual framework, research, and application. Family Court Review. 2013;51(3):485-501

Adshead G, Bluglass K. Attachment representations and factitious illness by proxy: relevance for assessment of parenting capacity in child maltreatment. Child Abuse Review 2001;10(6):398-410

Teubert D, Pinquart M. The association between coparenting and child adjustment: a meta-analysis. Parenting: Science & Practice. 2010;10(4):286-307

Demby S. Interparent hatred and its impact on parenting: assessment in forensic custody evaluations. Psychoanalytic Inquiry. 2009;29(6):477-490

How to Cite
Kalkavan İshak, Büken E. Determining the Suitable Parent on Children’s Custody Cases. atb [Internet]. 29Apr.2017 [cited 16Jul.2018];22(1):54-3. Available from: