The Deaths Related to Firearm Injuries During the Age of Childhood in Konya
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine,
Vol. 14 No. 1 (2009)
In this study, it was aimed to examine the deaths related to the firearm injuries during childhood in Konya and the information such as demographic aspects of the cases, the types of the firearms, origin, and the region of injury, place of case, place of death, shooting distance, and the owner of the firearm. With this purpose, the cases which were autopsied by Konya Branch of Forensic Medicine Council and by forensic medicine expert in the districts of Konya between 1999 and 2007 were retrospectively examined. Among 985 death cases at the age of 18 and under; 50 (5.1%) were determined to occur as a result of firearm injuries. The ages of the cases changed between 1 and 18 and the average age was 14.6 + 3.9 (median: 16). 34 cases (68%) were boys while 16 (32%) of them were girls. The rate of boys to girls was 2.1:1. The origin was suicide in 20 cases (40%), accident in 17 cases (34%) and 13 cases (26%) was murder. Shotguns were used in 33 cases (66%) and handguns were use in 17 cases (34%). Only head was injured in 27 cases (54%) while only abdominal region was injured in 10 cases (20%). 29 (70%) of firearm injuries took place at home. 35 cases (70%) died at crime scene and 3 of them (6%) died on the way to hospital. In 24 cases (48%) the shooting was performed adjacently or from a close distant, the shooting were performed from nearby in 11 cases (22%) while 15 shooting cases (30%) were performed from a long distance. In 24 (48%) cases, the gun belonged to the victim’s father. As a result, it was seen that keeping the firearms at homes in the increasing rates would end up with deaths during the childhood age. We think it is necessary and useful for people to avoid from keeping firearms at home or other living quarters, keep them in higher places or under strong locking when they have to since they could lead to suicide or accident originated injuries or deaths if the children easily access to the firearms.
Key words: Child, firearm, death, forensic medicine
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
- Stennies G, Ikeda R, Leadbetter S, Houston B, Sacks J. Firearm storage practices and children in the home, United States, 1994. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999;153:586-90.
- Schuster MA, Franke TM, Bastian AM, Sor S, Haifon N. Firearm storage patterns in homes with children. Am J Public Health 2000;90:588-94.
- Senturia YD, Christoffel KK, Donovan M. Gun storage patterns in US homes with children. A pediatric practice-based survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996;150:265-9.
- Kocabay N. Türkiye’de yaklaşık her dört evden birinde silah bulunuyor. Erişim tarihi: 14.3.2008 Erişim: http: // www.umut.org.tr/ haberler/ biz- den_haber/ 00203 .htm
- Aşırdizer M, Sarı H, Cantürk G. Av tüfeği fişek yatağı parçası yaralanmasına bağlı bir ölüm olgusu. Adli Tıp Derg 1995;11:65-70.
- Albek E, Yorulmaz C, Özaslan A, Koç S, Ağır G, Çetin G. İntihar Orijini Açısından Ateşli Silah Yaralanmasına Bağlı Ölümler. 8. Ulusal Adli Tıp Günleri, 16-20 Ekim 1995, Antalya. Poster Sunuları Kita- bı:277-82.
- Ikeda RM, Gorwitz R, James SP, Powell KE, Mercy JA. Fatal Firearm Injuries in the United States, 1962- 1994. Atlanta, Ga: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1997. Violence Surveillance Summary Series, No. 3.
- Annest J, Mercy J, Gibson D, Ryan G. National estimates of nonfatal firearm related injuries: beyond the tip of the iceberg. JAMA 1995;273:1749-54.
- Nance ML, Stafford PW, Schwab CW. Firearm injury among urban youth during the last decade: an escalation in violence. J Pediatr Surg 1997;32:949-52.
- National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 1996-1997 and Injury Chartbook. Erişim tarihi: 10.3.2008 Erişim: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus96_97.pdf
- Kellermann A, Heron S. Firearms and family violence. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1999;17:699-716.
- Spangenberg KB, Wagner MT, Hendrix S, Bachman DL. Firearm presence in households of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. J Am Ge- riatr Soc 1999;47:1183-6.
- Thomsen JL, Albrektsen SB. An investigation of the pattern of firearms fatalities before and after the introduction of new legislation in Denmark. Med Sei Law 1991;31(2):162-6.
- Amiri A, Sanaei-Zadeh H, Towfighi Zavarei H, Rez- vani Ardestani F, Savoji N. Firearm fatalities. A preliminary study report from Iran. J Clin Forensic Med 2003; 10(3): 159-63.
- Rouse D, Dunn L. Firearm fatalities. Forensic Sei Int 1992;56(l):59-64.
- Hackam DJ, Mazzioti MV, Pearl RH, Mazziotti GM, Winthrop AL, Langer JC. Mechanisms of pediatric trauma deaths in Canada and the United States: the role of firearms. J Trauma 2004;56(6): 1286-90.
- Karagöz YM, Demirçin Karagöz S, Atılgan M, De- mircan C. Ateşli silah yaralanmasına bağlı 133 ölüm olgusunun incelenmesi. Adli Tıp Bülteni 1996; 1(3): 122-6.
- Günaydın G, Demirci Ş. Konya’da 1991-2000 Yılları Arasında Ateşli Silah Yaralanması Nedeniyle Ölen 248 Olgunun Değerlendirilmesi. Yıllık Adli Tıp Toplantıları, 16-19 Mayıs 2002, Antalya:308-13.
- Brent DA, Perper JA, Allman CJ. The presence and accessibility of firearms in the homes of adolescent suicides. JAMA 1991;266:2989-95.
- Grossman D, Reay D, Baker S. Self-inflicted and unintentional firearm injuries among children and adolescents: the source of the firearm. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999;153:875-8.
- Turla A, Yaycı N. Adli Tıp Kurumu Trabzon Grup Başkanlığındaki ateşli silah ile ölüm olgularının değerlendirilmesi. Adli Tıp Derg 2001;15(2):29-35.
- Salaçin S. An analysis of the medicolegal autopsies performed in Adana, Turkey, in 1983-1988. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1991;12(3):191-3.
- Dülger HE, Yemişçigil A, Karaali H, Ege B, Hancı İH. İntihar sonucu ölüm olgularının retrospektif incelenmesi. Adli Tıp Derg 1991;7:115-8.
- Koops E, Flüs K, Lockemann U, Püschel K. Fatal gunshot injuries in Hamburg 1966-1991. Arch Kri- minol 1994;193(l-2): 14-22.
- Nance ML, Denysenko L, Durbin DR, Branas CC, Stafford PW, Schwab CW. The rural-urban continuum: variability in statewide serious firearm injuries in children and adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002;156:781-5.
- Kohlmeier RE, McMahan CA, DİMaio VJ. Suicide by firearms: a 15-year experience. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2001;22:337-40.
- Goren S, Subasi M, Tirasci Y, Kemaloglu S. Firearm- related mortality: a review of four hundred-forty four deaths in Diyarbakir, Turkey between 1996 and 2001. Tohoku J Exp Med 2003;201(3):139-45.
- Cherry D, Runyan C, Butts J. A population based study of unintentional firearm fatalities. Inj Prev 2001;7:62-5.
- Martin JR, Sklar DP, McFeeley P. Accidental firearm fatalities among New Mexico children. Ann Emerg Med 1991;20:58-61.
- Selway R. Gunshot suicides in Victoria, Australia, 1988. Med Sei Law 1991;31(l):76-80.
- Kellermann AL, Rivara FP, Rushforth NB, Banton JG, Reay DT, Francisco JT, Locci AB, Prodzinski J, Hackman BB, Somes G. Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home. N Engl J Med 1993;329(15): 1084-91.
- Cook PJ, Ludwig J. Guns in America: National Survey on Firearms Ownership and Use. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, US Dept of Justice; 1997. Erişim tarihi: 10.3.2008 Erişim: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/ 165476.pdf
- Hizel S, Ozcebe H, Sanli C, Albayrak M, Uner S. Children and firearms in Turkish homes. Child Care Health Dev 2008;34(l):32-4.
- Connor SM, Wesolowski KL. “They’re too smart for that”: predicting what children would do in the presence of guns. Pediatrics 2003; 111(2): 109-14.
- Jackman GA, Farah MM, Kellerman AL, Simon HK. Seeing is believing: what do boys do when they find a real gun? Pediatrics 2001;107:1247-50.
- Hardy MS. Teaching firearm safety to children: failure of a program. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2002;23:71-6.
- Coyne-Beasley T, Schoenbach VJ, Johnson RM. "Love our kids, lock your guns": a community-based firearm safety counseling and gun lock distribution program. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2001;155(6):659-64.