A New Field in The Discipline of Nursing Forensic Nursing
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine,
Vol. 21 No. 1 (2016)
Health professionals generally lack adequate knowledge about the examination of victims and suspects, and the methods used for the identification, collection and preservation of legal evidence.
In most forensic cases, nurses are the first persons in a medical team to see the victims or suspects, to contact their family or relatives, to handle their items and belongings during examination, and to collect laboratory samples.
Forensic nursing is a new and gradually developing area of specialization that supports the judiciary through the knowledge and experiences associated with nursing. Forensic nurses contribute to the medical team by applying their basic nursing knowledge to the examination and scientific evaluation of victims and perpetrators in crimes involving violence, trauma and/or death.
The aim of this study was to draw attention to forensic nursing as a new field of nursing; to review the current state of forensic nursing in Turkey and around the world; and to provide a general overview of its standards and areas of activity.
Over the past 30 years, forensic nurses in medical teams around the world have been tasked with identifying and providing care for cases of injury, domestic violence and child abuse, and also with collecting evidence, guiding judicial processes as an impartial contributor, and responding to emergencies. After taking the necessary postgraduate trainings for professional development and improving their knowledge on standard nursing applications, nurses can provide patient care as forensic nurses while also supporting expert witnesses, defendants and court authorities in legal cases.
Forensic nursing, which is relatively new discipline around the world, is also a new and developing field in Turkey.
In Turkey, the job definition for forensic nurses has not yet been legally defined; consequently, most forensic cases are still examined by nurses with no special forensic training. For this reason, there is a requirement in Turkey for specialized forensic nurses with professional leadership and problem-solving skills, who can effectively apply holistic nursing approaches to forensic cases in accordance with national and international ethical requirements.
Key Words: Forensic nursing; nursing; Forensic sciences; Turkey
- Lynch VA. Forensic nursing science: Global strategies in health and justice, Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences 2011;69–76.
- Wilkinson- Kent A. Forensic nursing educational development: an integrated review of the literature, Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2011;18:236–246.
- Şentürk S, Büyükaslan B. Hemşirelik son sınıf öğrencilerinin adli hemşirelik konusundaki bilgi ve görüşlerinin belirlenmesi, Bozok Tıp Dergisi 2013; 3(3):19-26.
- Eşiyok B, Hancı İH, Özdemir Ç, Yelken N, Zeyfeoğlu Y. Adli hemşirelik, Sted 2004;13(5):169-171.
- Simmons B. Graduate forensic nursing education how to better educate nurses to care for this patient population, Nurse Educator 2014;39(4):184-187.
- Constantino R, Crane P, Young S. Forensic nursing evidence based principles and practice, Chapter one Fundamentals of contemporary forensic nursing practice,education and research.Philadelphia: F.A Davis Co, 2013;3-26.
- Koç S, Biçer Ü. Adli tıbbın tarihsel gelişimi, Türkiye’deki yapılanması ve sorunları. Klinik Gelişim. 2009;22 (Adli Tıp Özel Sayısı):1-5.
- Kent-Wilkinson A. Spotlight on forensic nursing, International Journal of Trauma Nursıng 1999;5:106-109.
- Gökdoğan MR, Erkol Z. Forensic nursing in Bolu, Turkey: A Survey, Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine 2005;12:14–17.
- Lynch VA. Evolution of forensic nursing science. Chapter one. Forensic Nursing Science, 2nd. Edition 2011;1-16. Erişim: 3 Eylül 2015.
- Çilingir D, Hintistan S. Adli hemşireliğin kapsamı ve yasal boyutu. Hemşirelikte Eğitim ve Araştırma Dergisi 2012; 9(1): 10-15.
- Çevik Akköz S, Başer M. Adli hemşirelik ve çalışma alanları. Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2012;21(2):143-152.
- Lynch V.A. Forensic nursing a handbook for practice. St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby 2006. Erişim: 20 Nisan2015. https://books.google.com.tr/books?id=APgVX1WcuYcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=tr&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Arabacı LB, Çam MO. Psikiyatri hastalarına yönelik hemşire tutum ölçeği geliştirme, Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 2011;48: 175-83.
- İlçe A, Yıldız D, Baysal G, Özdoğan F, Taş F. Acil servislerde çalışan sağlık bakım personelinin adli olgularda delillerin korunması ve saklanmasına yönelik bilgi ve uygulamalarının incelenmesi. Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi 2010;16(6):546-551.
- Karadayı B, Kolusayın ÖM, Kaya A, Karadayı Ş. Acil tedavi birimlerinde adli olgudan biyolojik materyal alınması ve gönderilmesi. Marmara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 2013;6:111-117.
- http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2007/05/20070502-3.htm Erişim Tarihi: 5 Ekim 2015.
- https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/kanunlar/k5237.html Erişim Tarihi: 5 Ekim 2015.