Bağlanma, Duygu Tanıma ve Dürtüsellik: Çocuk Cinsel İstismarına İlişkin Riskler

  • Esra Demirci Erciyes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk Psikiyatri A.D.
  • Didem Behice Öztop İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi İktisadi İdari ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi Psikoloji Bölümü
  • Sevgi Özmen Erciyes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı
  • Çağlar Özdemir Erciyes University School of Medicine

Özet

Giriş: Bazı çocukların cinsel istismar riski daha fazla olduğu bildirilmiş olup: bu risk faktörleri bireysel, ailevi, sosyal ve kurumsal faktörler olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Buna rağmen literatürdeki klinik riskler ile ilgili bu veriler kısıtlıdır. Bu nedenle, çalışmamızda cinsel istismarın klinik risk faktörlerini belirlemeyi amaçladık.


Yöntem: Bu çalışmaya 22 kız, 12 erkek olmak üzere cinsel istismara uğrayan 34 çocuk ve 34 sağlıklı gönüllü dahil edildi. Çalşımaya alınan her iki grup Ebeveyne Bağlama Ölçeği  (EBÖ), Gözlerden Zihin Okuma Testi ve UPPS dürtüsel davranış ölçeği ile değerlendirildi.


Bulgular: Her iki grupta anne bağlanma skorlarında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık saptanmazken, baba bağlanma puanları istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede düşük bulundu. Gözlerden Zihin Okuma Testi puanları çalışma grubunda kontrol grubuna göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede düşüktü. UPPS dürtüsel davranış ölçeği sebatsızlık alt ölçeği puanları çalışma grubunda kontrol grubuna göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede yüksekti.


Sonuç: Cinsel istismar, tedavi edilmesi gereken en zor travma tipi olarak bilinmekte olup; risk faktörlerinin belirlenmesi istismarın önlenmesinde büyük önem taşımaktadır. Cinsel istismarın klinik risk faktörlerini belirlemek için daha geniş örneklemli çalışmalara ihtiyaç vardır.

İndirmeler

İndirme istatistik verileri henüz hazır değil.

Yazarların Özgeçmişleri

Esra Demirci, Erciyes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk Psikiyatri A.D.

Erciyes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk Psikiyatri 

Uzm. Dr

Çağlar Özdemir, Erciyes University School of Medicine
Department of Forensic Medicine

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Yayınlanma Tarihi
2017-06-13
Nasıl Atıf Yapmalı
DEMIRCI, Esra et al. Bağlanma, Duygu Tanıma ve Dürtüsellik: Çocuk Cinsel İstismarına İlişkin Riskler. Adli Tıp Bülteni, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 109-114, haz. 2017. ISSN 2149-4533. Erişim Adresi: <http://www.adlitipbulteni.com/index.php/atb/article/view/1076>. Erişim Tarihi: 24 ekim 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2017228069.
Bölüm
Araştırma Makaleleri

Anahtar Kelimeler

Child, sexual abuse, attachment, emotion recognition, impulsivity