Attachment, Emotion Recognition and Impulsivity: As A Risk of Child Sexual Abuse

  • Esra Demirci Erciyes University School of Medicine
  • Didem Behice Öztop İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi İktisadi İdari ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi Psikoloji Bölümü
  • Sevgi Özmen Erciyes University School of Medicine Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Çağlar Özdemir Erciyes University School of Medicine
Keywords: child, Child, sexual abuse, attachment, emotion recognition, impulsivity

Abstract

Introduction: It has been reported that certain children are more at risk of sexual abuse: these risks factors are defined as individual, familial, social and institutional factors. Although; data from clinical risks in the literature is limited. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical risk factors of sexual abuse.

Methods: 22 female and 12 male, sexual abused children and 34 healthy volunteer children were involved in this study. Patients and volunteers were assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Reading Mind from Eyes Test (RMET) and the UPPS impulsive behavior scale.

Results: There were no significant differences in maternal attachment scores in either group but the paternal attachment scores were statistically significantly lower in the study group. The RMET scores were statistically significantly lower in the study group than in the control group. The UPPS impulsive behavior scale unpersistence subscores were statistically significantly higher in the study group than in the control group.

Conclusion: Sexual abuse is known as the most difficult type of trauma to treat and preventing the risk of identification is of the most importance. Further studies with a large sample are needed to determine the clinical risk factors of sexual abuse.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Esra Demirci, Erciyes University School of Medicine

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Çağlar Özdemir, Erciyes University School of Medicine
Department of Forensic Medicine

References

References :

Behrman, RE, Kliegman RM, Arvin AM. Abuse and Neglect of Children. 1469-1471In: Johnson CF (ed). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 16. press. Philadelphia: WB Saunders pres, 2000.

Akduman GG, Ruban C, Akduman B, Korkmaz I. “Child and sexual abuse. Turkish journal of forensic psychiatry 2005; 3(1): 9-14.

Renteria SC. Summary: sexual abuse of female children and adolescents-detection, examination and primary-care. Ther Umsch 2005; 62: 230-237.

Stoltenborgh M, Van Ijzendoorn MH, Euser EM, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ. A global perspective on child sexual abuse: Meta-analysis of prevalence around the world. Child Maltreat 2011; 16:79–101.

Pereda N, Guilera G, Forns M, Gomez-Benito J. The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse: a continuation of Finkelhor. Child Abuse Negl 2009; 33: 331-342.

Sedlak A, Mettenburg J, Basena M, Petta I, McPherson K, Green A, Li S. Fourth national incidence study of child abuse and neglect (NIS-4): Report to Congress. Washington D.C: US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, 2010.

Porter R. Child Sexual Abuse with in the Family. London: Great Britain:Tavistock Publication Ltd., 1984.

Hay T, Jones L. Societal interventions to prevent child abuse and neglect. Child Welfare 1994; 73: 379.

Wolfe DA, Repucci ND, Hart S. Child abuse prevention: knowledge and priorities. J Clin Psychol 1995; 24: 5.

Bathea L. Primary prevention of child abuse. Am Fam Physician 1999; 59:1577-1585,1591.

Sahiner UM, Yurdakok K, Kavak US, Cetin I. Medical aspects of child abuse. Katkı Pediatri Dergisi 2001; 22: 276.

Simsek F, Ulukol B, Bingöler B. “Perspective on Child Abuse From Discipline Window”. Turkish Journal of Forensic Sciences 2004; 3(1):47-52

Yates A. Sexual abuse of children. 699-709 In: Wiener JM (ed). Textbook of child adolescent psychiatry. 2. press. Washington;American Psychiatric Press, 1997.

Walrath C, Ybarra M, Holden EW. Children with reported histories of sexuel abuse: multiple perspectives to understand clinical and psychosocial profiles. Child Abuse Negl 2003; 27:509-524.

Troisi A, Massaroni P, Cuzzolaro M. Early separation anxiety and adult attachment style in women with eating disorders. Br J Clin Psychol 2005; 44(1): 89-97

Laible D. Attachment with parents and peers in late adolescence: Links with emotional competence and social behavior. Pers Individ Dif 2007; 43:1185-1197.

Booth-LaForce C, Rubin KH, Rose-Krasnor L, Burgess KB. Attachment and friendship predictors of psychosocial functioning in middle childhood and the mediating roles of social support and self-worth. 161-188. In: Kerns KA, Richardson RA (eds). Attachment in middle childhood. New York; Guilford Press, 2005.

Chris Fraley R, Niedenthal PM, Marks M, Brumbaugh C, Vicary A. Adult attachment and the perception of emotional expressions: probing the hyperactivating strategies underlying anxious attachment. J Pers 2006;74:1163-1190.

Donges US, Kugel H, Stuhrmann A, Grotegerd D, Redlich R, Lichev V, et al. Adult attachment anxiety is associated with enhanced automatic neural response to positive facial expression. Neuroscience 2012; 220:149-157.

Dewitte M, De Houwer J. Adult attachment and attention to positive and negative emotional face expressions. J Res Pers 2008; 42: 498–505.

Görgün S, Tiryaki A, Topbas M. Substance use among university students and attachment forms to parents. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 11:305-312.

Soshi T, Noda T, Ando K, Nakazawa K, Tsumura H, Okada T. Neurophysiological modulation of rapid emotional face processing is associated with impulsivity traits. BMC Neurosci 2015;9:16:87.

Briscoe-Smith AM, Hinshaw SP. Linkages between child abuse and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in girls: Behavioral and social correlates. Child Abuse Negl 2006; 30:1239–1255.

Cancro R. Problems related to abuse and neglect. 370-376 In: Sadock BJ, Sadock VA (eds). Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry, 9.press. Baltimore; Lippincott Williams &Wilkins pres, 2004.

Waxman SE. A Systematic Review of Impulsivity in Eating Disorders, Eur Eat Disord Rev 2009; 17(6):408-25.

Russo M, Mahon K, Shanahan M, Solon C, Ramjas E, Turpin J, et al. The association between childhood trauma and facial emotion recognition in adults with bipolar disorder. Psychiatry Res 2015; 229(3):771-776. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.08.004.

Kaufman J, Birmaher B, Brent D, Rao U, Flynn C, Moreci P, Williamson D, Ryan N. Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children present and life time version: initial reliability and validity data. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psycihatry 1997; 980-988.

Kapcı GE, Kücüker S. The Parental Bonding Instrument: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties with Turkish University Students. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2006; 17:286-295.

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Hill J, Raste Y, Plumb I. The “Reading the mind in the eyes” test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2001;42:241-251.

Yargıç I, Ersoy E, Oflaz SB. UPPS Measuring impulsivity of psychiatric patients using UPPS impulsive behavior scale. Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2011; 21(2):139-14.

Cicchetti D, Rizley R. Developmental perspectives on the etiology intergenerational transmission, and sequelae of child maltreatment. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 1981;11:31-56.

Breiding JM, Reza A, Gulaid J, Blanton C, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Dlamini N, Bamrah S. Risk factors associated with sexual violence towards girls in Swaziland. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2011; 89:203-210

Trickett PK, Noll JG, Reiffman A, Putnam FW. Variants of intrafamilial sexual abuse experience: Implications for short- and long-term development. Dev Psychopathol 2001; 13:1001–1019.

Grossmann K, Grossmann KE, Fremmer-Bombik E, Kindler H, Scheurer-Englisch H, Zimmerman P. The uniqueness of the child-father attachment relationship: Fathers’ sensitive and challenging play as a pivotal variable in a 16-year longitudinal study. Social Development 2002;11:307-331

Whiteside SP, Lynam, DR. The Five Factor Model and impulsivity: using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Pers Individ Dif 2001; 30(4): 669-689.

Published
2017-06-13
How to Cite
1.
Demirci E, Öztop D, Özmen S, Özdemir Çağlar. Attachment, Emotion Recognition and Impulsivity: As A Risk of Child Sexual Abuse. atb [Internet]. 13Jun.2017 [cited 23Jul.2018];22(2):109-14. Available from: http://www.adlitipbulteni.com/index.php/atb/article/view/1076
Section
Research Articles