Determination of Gunshot Residue on Hand Deposited Obtained From Shootings Carried Out with Handgun Cartridges Produced by Makine Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu Using Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Method
PDF (Türkçe)

Keywords

flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometer
gunshot residues
firing hand determination
mechanical and chemical industry corporation

How to Cite

1.
Can M, Üner H, Koç S, Tok M, Toprak S, Dişbudak M. Determination of Gunshot Residue on Hand Deposited Obtained From Shootings Carried Out with Handgun Cartridges Produced by Makine Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu Using Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Method. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine. 2005;10(1):5-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2005101570

Abstract

In criminal cases associated with gunshot, shooter identification is of significant importance in order to reveal the manner of death ( murder, suicide, accident). Determining the shooting hand is possible by analyzing the gunshot residue obtained from the suspect's hands. The aim of this study is to determine gunshot residue both qualitatively and quantitatively and setting standards in Turkey performing experimental shootings with handgun cartridges produced by Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation and analyse with Flameless Atomic Absorption Spechtrophotometer using chemical methods. In this study, experimental shootings were carried out using 7.65mm Browning and 9mm Parabellum type cartridges performing one, two and three shots with right hand alone, left hand alone, and both hands together holding the gun. Gunshot residue is collected from the palmar and dorsal surfaces of both hands by using adhesive tapes (surgical zincoxide tape). This method was preferred in order to obtain comparable results since the crime scene investigation teams collect gunshot residue in the same way. Levels of antimony, lead and barium, the components of the primer of the cartridge, were analyzed quantitatively by FAAS using 5% nitric acid in all samples. There was no linear increase in the amount of gunshot residue obtained with respect to the increase in the number of shootings. In a similar way, there was no linear increase in the amount of gunshot residue with respect to the increase in diameter either by using 7.65mm Browning or 9mm Parabellum type cartridges. As a result the gunshot residue collection and analysis method in this study is considered as the most appropriate method as it is easily available, cost effective and readily used method of collecting gunshot residue in Turkey.

Key words: Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, gunshot residues, firing hand determination, Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation

https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2005101570
PDF (Türkçe)

References

Berg SO. The Forensic Ballistic Labaratory. Eds.: Tedeschi CG, Eckert WC, Tedeschi LC.: Forensic Medicine. W.B. Saunders Philadelphia 1986:526-569.

Fatteh A. Medicolegal Investigation of Gunshot Wounds, 1976, Philadelphia. Toronto.

Kolusayin Ö, Gök Ş, Soysal Z. Ateşli silahların kafatasında oluşturduğu lezyonların adli tıptaki yeri ve önemi. Adli Tıp Dergisi 1985; 2(1): 166-76.

Üner HB. Ateşli silah artıkları. Adli Tıp Dergisi 1993;9(l-9):83-89.

Di Maio VJM. Gunshot Wounds. Practical Aspects of Firearms, Ballistics and Forensic Tecniques. CRC Press. LCL, New York, 1999.

Üner HB. Elbiseden atış mesafesi tayininde etkili bir yöntem: Geliştirilmiş Griess Yöntemi Ayracı. Doktora Tezi. İstanbul, 1991.

Çerkezoğlu A. Sodyum Rodizonat Testi: Giysilerdeki atış artıklarından atış mesafesi tayini. Uzmanlık Tezi. Adli Tıp Kurumu. İstanbul, 1995.

Andrasko J, Maehly AC. Detection of gunshot residues on hands by scanning electron microscopy. J Forensic Sei 1977;22(2):279-87.

Brown H, Cauchi DM, Holden JL, Wrobel H. Image analysis of gunshot residue on entry wounds I- The tecnique and preliminary study. Forensic Sei Int 1999;100:163-77.

Brown H, Cauchi DM, Holden JL, Allen FCL. Image analysis of gunshot residue on entry wounds II- A statistical estimation of firing range. Forensic Sei Int 1999;100:179-86.

Tuğcu H. Görüntü analizi yöntemiyle ateşli silah atış artıklarının tespiti. İstanbul Uni. Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalı, Uzmanlık Tezi, 2001.

Koons RD, Havekost DG, Peters CA. Analysis of gunshot primer residue collection swabs using flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry: A reexamination of extraction and instrument procedures, J Forens Sei 1987;32(4):846-65.

Koons RD, Havecost DG, Peters CA. Determinations of barium in gunshot residue collection swaps using inductively coupled plasma - Atomic Emission Spectrometry. J Forens Sei. 1998;43:35-41.

Romolo FS, Margot P. Identification of gunshot residue, A critical review. Forensic Sei Inter. 2001;119:195-211.

Havekost DG, Peters CA, Koons RD. Barium and atimony distributions on the hands of nonshooters. J Forensic Sei. 1990;35(5): 1096-1114

Matricardi VR and Kilty W. Detection of gunshot residue particles from the hands of a shooter. J Forensic Sei. 1977(2):725-38.

Makine Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (MKEK) Film Tanıtım CD Kaydı. Ankara, 2002.

Reed GE, McGuire PJ, Boehm A. Analysis of gunshot residue test result in 112 suicides. J Forensic Sei. 1990;35(l):62-68.

Rudzitis E. Analysis of the result of gunshot residue detection in case work. J Forensic Sei. 1980;25(4):839-46.

Singer RL, Davis D, Houck MM. A Survey of gunshot residue analysis methods. J Forensic Sei. 1996;41(2): 195-98.

Gülsepet S. Izmir Kriminal Polis Laboratuvarı ve Balistik. II. Adli Bilimler Semp. İzmir, 1997;5-19.

The Bulletin of Legal Medicine is an open access scientific journal. Open access means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The Journal and content of this website is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.
The Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) allows users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article and make commercial use of the article. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine requires the author as the rights holder to sign and submit the journal's agreement form prior to acceptance. The authors retain copyright of their work and grant the Association for its publication. This ensures both that The Journal has the right to publish the article and that the author has confirmed various things including that it is their original work and that it is based on valid research.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
*Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
*Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
*Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.