Killed First Burned After Attempting to Eliminate Victims of Homicide by Burning
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine,
Vol. 16 No. 2 (2011)
Killers commit methods such as burning, burying to deserted places and throwing the corpses into the sea or the rivers in order to eliminate corpses of the victims of homicide or to avoid recognition of the victims of homicide. If such cases are encountered, regardless of how much time passed after death, the autopsy must be done in detail and very carefully and all findings should be evaluated for identification of victim and cause of death. In this study, victims who were burned after homicide and whose autopsies were performed by the Directorate of Konya Branch of Forensic Medicine Konya in Konya city center and in districts of Konya by a forensic expert districts between 2000-2008 were evaluated. A total of 10 cases were identified during the period of examination. The age of victims ranged between 16 and 5 8 years and the average age was 3 5± 13 years. In terms of murder methods, the most commonly used method was I igature strangulation in three cases. Six victims were burned in open land. If burnt corpses are extracted from fire or encountered at the external environment, it should be investigated that the victim suffered the bums before or after death. If the person is first killed and then burned, hyperemia, congestion and soot in the respiratory tract may not be observed at autopsy which may arise with exposure to bum during the life. For the determination ofthe origin in such cases a complete and accurate death scene investigation and a thorough autopsy should be performed, genetic analysis should be done for the identification of victim and the cause of death needs to be determined.
Keywords: Homicide, burns, forensic medicine
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
- Dehaan JD. Fire and bones. In: The Analysis of Burned Human Remains. Christopher WS, Steven AS, eds. London; Elsevier, 2008. pp. 1-14.
- Fairgrieve SI. Forensic Cremation: Recovery and Analysis. Boca Raton; CRC Press, 2008.
- Eke M, Soysal Z. Fiziksel etkenlerle oluşan zararlar, içinde: Adli Tıp. Cilt II. Soysal Z, Çakalır C, editörler. İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Yayınları. İstanbul, 1999.607-765.
- Crikelair GF, Symonds FC, Ollstein RN, Kirsner AL Bum causation: its many sides. J Trauma 1968;8:572- 582.
- Istre GR, McCoy MA, Osbom L, Barnard JJ, Bolton A. Deaths and injuries from house fires. N Engl J Med 2001;344:1911-1916.
- McGwin G Jr, Chapman V, Rousculp M, Robison J, Fine P. The epidemiology of fire-related deaths in Alabama, 1992-1997. J Bum Care Rehabil 2000;21:75- 83.
- Marshall SW, Runyan CW, Bangdiwala SI, Linzer MA, Sacks JJ, Butts JD. Fatal residential fires: who dies and who survives? JAMA 1998;279:1633-1637.
- MacArthur JD, Moore FD. Epidemiology of bums. The bum-prone patient. JAMA 1975 ;231:259-263.
- Türner AR, Akçan R, Karacaoğlu E, Balseven-Odabaşı A, Keten A, Kanburoğlu C, Ünal M, Dinç AH. Postmortem burning of the corpses following homicide. J Forensic Leg Med 2012; 19(4):223-228.
- Eckert WG, James S, Katchis S. Investigation of cremation and severely burned bodies. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1998;9:188-200.
- Saukko P, Knight B. Bums and Scalds, Saukko P, Knight B, eds. Knight's Forensic Pathology, third ed., London;Arnold,2004. pp. 235-243.
- Bohnert M, Werner CR, Poliak S. Problems associated with the diagnosis of vitality in burned bodies. Forensic Sei Int 2003; 135(3): 197-205.
- Iwase H, Yamada Y, Ootani S, Sasaki Y, Nagao M, Iwadate K, Takatori T. Evidence for an antemortem injury of a burned head dissected from a burned body. Forensic Sei Int 1998;94:9-14.
- Fanton L, Jdeed K, Tilhet-Coartet S, Malicier D. Criminal burning. Forensic Sei Int 2006;158:87-93.