Estimation of Stature from Second and Fourth Digit Lengths in Young Adults
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine,
Vol. 24 No. 3 (2019)
Objectives: Estimating stature from long extremity bones, such as femur, humerus, is commonly usedduring forensic examinations. The aim of this study is to estimate stature by anthropometric measurements of right and left-hands second (2D) and fourth digit (4D) lengths.
Method:The sample group consisted of 140 young adults, 70 male and 70 females (aged 21-19 years), whose 2D and 4D lengths were measured (using digital vernier caliper) of their left and right hands. One measurement was taken directly from landmarks from the proximal metacarpophalangeal crease to the finger tips.
The program SPSS (Version 17.0) was used to make a descriptive analysis, Student’s t-test was usedto analyze the difference in height 2D and 4D between males and females. One-way ANOVA was usedto determine the potential interactions between anthropometric measurements within each other and stature. Pearson Correlation coefficient and related P values were also used. Statistical significance was assigned to p values <0.05. Linear and multiple regressions were also developed.
Results:The differences between the right-and the left fingers length values were statistically significant for both sexes (p<0.001). In all, the measurements of males were significantly higher than females. The correlation coefficients between stature and the measurements of second and fourth digit were found to be positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation coefficient between stature and digit length for males regarded the right second digit (r=0.505), and for females, the left second digit (r=0.596). Regression equations were checked for accuracy by comparing the estimated stature and actual stature.
Conclusion: Both regression models can...
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
- Ocakoglu G, Ercan I. Traditional and modern morphometrics. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Biostatistics. 2013;5(1):37–41.
- Beddoe J. On the stature of the older races of England as estimated from the long bones. J R Anthropol Inst. 1887-1888;17:202- 207. https://doi.org/10.2307/2841929.
- Ozaslan A, Iscan MY, Ozaslan I, Tugcu H, Koc S. Estimation of stature from body parts. Forensic Sci Int. 2003;132:40–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(02)00425-5.
- Krishan K, Sharma A. Estimation of stature from dimensions of hands and feet in a North Indian population. J Forensic Legal Med 2007;14:327–332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcfm.2006.10.008.
- Danborno B, Adebisi S, Adelaiye A, Ojo S. Estimation of Height and weight from the Lengths of Second and Fourth Digits in Nigerians. The Internet Journal of Forensic Science. 2008;3(2).
- Wright LE, Vasquez MA. Estimation of the length of incomplete long bones: Forensic standards from Guatemala. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2003;120:233-251. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.10119.
- Menezes RG, Kanchan T, Kumar, GP, Rao PJ, Lobo SW, Uysal S, et al. Stature estimation from the length of the sternum in South Indian males: a preliminary study. Journal of forensic and legal medicine. 2009;16 (8):441-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2009.05.001.
- Christal GP, Manve P, Ahuja MS. Dahiya, Estimation of Stature from Finger Length. J Forensic Sci & Criminal Invest. 2018;7(2):555-709. https://doi.org/10.19080/JFSCI.2018.07.555709.
- Bardale RV, Dahodwala TM, Sonar, VD. Estimation of Stature from Index and Ring Finger Length. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2013;35(4):353-357.
- Sen J, Kanchan T, Ghosh A, et al., Estimation of stature from index and ring fingers in northeastern Indian population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2014;22:10–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2013.11.010.
- Jee SC, Yun MH. Estimation of stature from diversified hand anthropometric dimensions from Korean population. Journal of forensic and legal medicine. 2015;35:9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.06.014.
- Holland TD. Estimation of adult stature from fragmentary tibias. J Forensic Sci. 1992;37:1223–1229. https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS13309J.
- Radoinova D, Tenekedjiev K, Yordanov Y. Stature estimation from long bone length in Bulgarians. Homo. 2002;52:221–232. https://doi.org/10.1078/0018-442X-00030.
- Duyar I, Pelin C, Zagyapan R. A new method of stature estimation for forensic anthropological application. Anthropol Sci. 2006;114:23–27. https://doi.org/10.1537/ase.041217.
- Himes JH, Yarbrough C, Martorell R. Estimation of stature in children from radiographically determined metacarpal length. J Forensic Sci. 1977;22:452–455. https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS10609J.
- Karaman G, Teke HY, Günay I, Dogan B, Bilge Y. Height estimation using anthropometric measurements on X-rays of wrist and metacarpal bones. Internet J Biol Anthropol. 2008;2(1):1-22.
- Manning JT, Scutt D, Wilson J, Lewis-Jones DI. The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length: a predictor of sperm numbers and concentrations of testosterone, luteinizing hormone andoestrogen. Hum.Rep. 1998;13:3000–3004. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/13.11.3000.
- Kosif R, Dıramalı M. Comparison of All Hand Digit-Length Ratios In Left- And Right-Handed Individuals. Turk J Med Sci. 2012;42(3):545-552. https://doi.org/10.3906/sag-1006-858
- Raju GM, Shahina S, Dubey S, Vijayanath V. Estimation of stature from index and ring finger length in Davangere district. Int J Clin Trials. 2014;1:18-21.
- Kanchan T, Kumar GP, Menezes RG. Index and ring finger ratio--a new sex determinant in south Indian population. Forensic science international. 2008;181:(1-3):53.e1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.08.002.
- Krishan K, Kanchan T, Asha N. Estimation of stature from index and ring finger length in a North Indian adolescent population. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. 2012;19:285-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.Jflm.2011.12.036.
- Manning JT, Trivers RL, Thornhill R, Singh D. 2nd to 4th digit ratio and left lateralized preference in Jamaican children. Laterality 2000;5:121–32.
- Manning JT, Taylor RP. 2nd to 4th Digit ratio and male ability in sport: implications for sexual selection in humans. Evol Hum Behav. 2001;22:61–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1090-5138(00)00063-5