Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Forensic Nursing Approach
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), is a sudden death of infants under one year of age with no health problems and unexplained autopsy. The frequency of SIDS in the world varies according to societies. SIDS may develop due to developmental, environmental and biological risk factors. Preterm birth of infant, mother’s tobacco use, bed-sharing and prone sleeping position are some of the factors that increase the SIDS risk the risk of. In the case of suspected SIDS cases that require further investigation and evaluated within the scope of the forensic case, the educated forensic nurses in the forensic medicine to be included in the research team has an important role in the evaluation and resolution of the case. The forensic nurse should explain to the parents that the questions in the interviewing are designed to gather information and determine risk factors, not accuse the parents. Parents have difficulty in accepting the death of their baby and experience stress, anger and guilt. In this context, it should be allowed to express the feelings of the family, to explain that death is not is not the result of their own fault and to reduce family’s guilt feelings.
2. AAP Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: updated 2016 recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. Pediatrics 2016;138(5):1-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2940
3. Fincancı ŞK, Kırangil B. Ani çocuk ölümleri sendromu. Türk Patoloji Dergisi 1988;4(2):56-59.
4. Hauck F, Tanabe K. SIDS. BMJ Clin Evid. 2009;315:1–14.
5. Celasin NŞ. Ani Bebek Ölümü Sendromu. Genç RE ve Özkan H (ed) Ebeler için Yenidoğan Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları. Akademi Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri.1. Baskı, Elazığ,2016.
6. Matthews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2010 period linked birth/Infant death data set. National vital statistics reports; 62(8). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2013.
7. American Academy of Pediatrics, Task Force on Infant Sleep Position and SIDS. Changing concepts of sudden infant death syndrome: Implications for infant sleeping environment and sleep position. Pediatrics 2000;105: 650–656.
8. Koehler SA. Sudden infant death syndrome deaths: The role of forensic nurses. J Forensic Nurs. 2008;4(3):141-142. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-3938.2008.00023.x.
9. Hunt CE, Hauck FR. Sudden infant death syndrome. CMAJ 2006;174(13):1861-1869. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.051671
10. Gökçe S, Baysal SU. Ani Bebek Ölüm Sendromu. İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası 2004;67:56-61.
11. Atılmış ÜÜ, Dokgöz H, Yemişcigil A. Ani bebek ölümü sendromu. Adli Tıp Bülteni 2006;11(1):30-39.
12. Guntheroth WG, Spiers PS. The triple risk hypotheses in sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics 2002; 110: e64. doi: 10.1542/peds.110.5.e64
13. Kahn A, Groswasser J, Franco P, Scaillet S, Sawaguchi T, Kelmanson I, et al. Sudden infant deaths: stress, arousal and SIDS. Early Hum Dev. 2003;75:147-166.
14. Klaver EC, Versluijs GM, Wilders R. Cardiac ion channel mutations in the sudden infant death syndrome. Int J Cardiol. 2011;152(2):162-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.12.051.
15. Friedmann I, Dahdouh EM, Kugler P, Mimran G, Balayla J. Maternal and obstetrical predictors of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017;30(19):2315-2323. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2016.1247265.
16. Gilbert R, Salanti G, Harden M, See S. Infant sleeping position and the sudden infant death syndrome: systematic review of observational studies and historical review of recommendations from 1940 to 2002. Int J Epidemiol 2005;34:874–887. doi:10.1093/ije/dyi088
17. Ponsonby AL, Dwyer T, Gibbons LE, Cochrane JA, Wang YG.Factors potentiating the risk of sudden infant death syndrome associated with the prone position. N Engl J Med 1993;329: 377-382. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199308053290601
18. Malloy M.Trends in postneonatal aspiration deaths and reclassification of sudden infant death syndrome: impact of the “Back to Sleep” program. Pediatrics 2002;109:661-665.
19. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2004 period linked birth/infant death data set. Natl Vital Stat Rep 2007;55(14):1-32.
20. Matthews R, Moore A. Babies are still dying of SIDS. Am J Nurs. 2013 Feb;113(2):59-64. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000426692.19202.5a.
21. Hauck FR, Herman SM, Donovan M, Iyasu S, Merrick Moore C, Donoghue E, et al. Sleep environment and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in an urban population: the Chicago Infant Mortality Study. Pediatrics 2003;111:1207-1214.
22. Tappin D, Ecob R, Brooke H. Bedsharing, roomsharing, and sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland: a case-control study. J Pediatr 2005;147:32-37.doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.01.035
23. Getahun D, Amre D, Rhoads GG, Demissie K. Maternal and obstetric risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in the United States. Obstet Gynecol 2004; 103: 646-652. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000117081.50852.04
24. Schoendorf KC, Kiely JL. Relationship of sudden infant death syndrome to maternal smoking during and after pregnancy. Pediatrics 1992;90:905-8.
25. MacDorman MF, Cnattingius S, Hoffman HJ, Kramer MS, Haglund B. Sudden infant death syndrome and smoking in the United States and Sweden. Am J Epidemiol. 1997;146(3): 249 -257
26. Alm B, Milerad J, Wennergren G, Skjaerven R, Oyen N, Norvenius G, et al. A case-control study of smoking and sudden infant death syndrome in the Scandinavian countries, 1992 to 1995. The Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study. Arch Dis Child. 1998;78(4):329-334.
27. Vennemann MM, Hense HW, Bajanowski T, Blair PS, Complojer C, Moon RY, et.al. Bed sharing and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome: can we resolve the debate? J Pediatr 2012;160:44-48 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.06.052.
28. Yıkılkan H, Ünalan PC, Uzuner A. Ani bebek ölümü ve nedenlerinden biri olarak annenin sigara içiciliği. Çocuk Dergisi 2007;7(4):227-232.
29. Hauck FR, Thompson JMD, Tanabe KO, Moon RY, Vennermann MV. Breastfeeding and reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2011; 128 (1):103-110. doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-3000.
30. Mitchell EA, Taylor BJ, Ford RP, Stewart AW, Becroft DM, Thompson JM, et al. Dummies and the sudden infant death syndrome. Arch Dis Child 1993;68(4):501-504.
31. Li DK, Willinger M, Petitti DB, Odouli R, Liu L, Hoffman HJ. Use of a dummy (pacifier) during sleep and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): Population based case control study. BMJ 2006:332;18-22. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38671.640475.55
32. Hauck FR, Omojokun OO, Siadaty MS. Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? A meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2005:116 (5); 716-723. doi: 10.1542/peds.2004-2631
33. Çalışır H, Özvurmaz S, Tuğrul E. Aydın il merkezindeki 0-11 aylık bebeklerde ani bebek ölümü sendromu (ABÖS) ile ilgili risk faktörlerinin incelenmesi. C.Ü. Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi 2007; 11(2):7-17.
34. American Academy of Pediatrics, Hymel KP; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; National Association of Medical Examiners. Distinguishing sudden infant death syndrome from child abuse fatalities. Pediatrics 2006;118(1):421-427. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-1245
35. Ardıç Ş. Ani İnfant Ölüm Sendromu. Sunum. URL: http://file.atuder.org.tr/_atuder.org/fileUpload/BW14BzPUoP44.pdf
36. Pakiş I. Ani beklenmedik bebek ölümlerinde adli boyut ve ayırıcı tanı yöntemleri. Türkiye Klinikleri J Foren Med 2009;6(1):23-31.
37. Yılmaz R, Pakiş I, Turan N, Can M, Kabakuş Y, Gürpınar S. Adli Tıp Birinci Adli Tıp İhtisas Kurulu’nca ölüm sebebi verilen 0-1 yaş grubu bebeklerin ölüm sebebi açısından değerlendirilmesi. Türk Ped Arş; 2010; 45: 31-36.
38. Çevik SA, Başer M. Adli hemşirelik ve çalışma alanları. Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2012;21(2):143-152.
39. Fırat S, Ünal S, Geleş ÇY. Hemşirelikte yeni bir alan: Adli hemşirelik. Adli Tıp Bülteni, 2016; 21(1): 39-42. doi: 10.17986/blm.2016116599
40. Eşiyok B, Hancı İH, Özdemir Ç, Yelken N, Zeyfeoğlu Y. Adli hemşirelik. Sted 2004;13(5):169-171
41. Koehler SA. The importance of a forensics investigation of sudden infant death syndrome: recommendations for developing, low and middle income countries Acta Medica Academica 2010;39:165-174.
42. Tabor PD, Ragan K. Infant death scene investigation J Forensic Nurs. 2015;11(1):22-27; doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000057.
43. Berkowitz C. Sudden infant death syndrome, sudden unexpected infant death, and apparent life-threatening events. Advances in Pediatrics 2012;59:183-208. doi: 10.1016/j.yapd.2012.04.011
44. Cullen D, Oberle M, Elomba CD, Stiffler D, Luna G. Illustrations of unexpected infant sleep deaths. J Forensic Nurs. 2016;12(3):141-146. doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000120.
Copyright (c) 2018 İlknur Yıldız
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine is an open access scientific journal. Open access means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The Journal and content of this website is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.
The Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) allows users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article and make commercial use of the article. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.
The Bulletin of Legal Medicine requires the author as the rights holder to sign and submit the journal's agreement form prior to acceptance. The authors retain copyright of their work and grant the Association for its publication. This ensures both that The Journal has the right to publish the article and that the author has confirmed various things including that it is their original work and that it is based on valid research.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
*Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
*Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
*Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.